Native shrub with glossy, dark green leaves produce flat-topped white flowers 4 inches in diameter. Flowers attract many pollinators.
Host plant to 101 species of lepidoptera, including 2 specialist moth species: the Brown swoopwing & marveled wave moths. Also the hummingbird & snowberry clearwing moths, as well as the Spring Azure butterfly.
Flowers fade to blue-black berries attracting birds & wildlife.
Fall leaves are a colorful aray of crimson red with hues of orange & yellow
Blooms May-June in full sun to partial shade
Grows from a range to 6-10 ft tall & 6ft -10 ft wide. In optimal growing conditions may reach up to 15 ft tall. Prefers medium to moist well-drained soil, but once established is drought tolerant.
Also tolerant to clay & black walnut
Native Americans used the straight branches for arrowhead shafts.
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